UK: Sudden Oak Death brings out the Chainsaws

A Tag at Forest Policy Research called: Infestation fanaticism focuses on all the excitement related to diseases that threatens trees. Too often the trees are not as vulnerable to disease as they are to people who claim logging of diseased trees is the solution.

SOD, or Sudden Oak Death was first found in coastal Northern California over a decade ago continues to spread. This disease is not destroying vast landscapes yet. But it’s been portrayed that way in the UK recently:

Phytophthora ramorum, first noticed in an oak tree in England six years ago, is now attacking Japanese larch, beech, birch and sweet chestnut. It has also spread to woodlands many miles apart without apparent explanation. The discovery was made this autumn by Forestry Commission workers who noticed unusual dieback and brown leaves on trees during the summer. The disease was first known in the US where it has killed many trees in California and Oregon. It is thought to have arrived in Britain on saplings imported from the Continent and has particularly affected red and turkey oaks. English native white oaks have been unscathed. Rhododendrons and the heathland bilberry have also been affected and diseased plants have infected some adjacent trees. But what has horrified tree specialists is that the affected trees are not linked to other infected sites and the disease has spread to woodlands more than 60 miles apart. So far it is confined to the South West: hundreds of trees in public forests and private woodlands in Cornwall, Devon and Somerset have died or are in decline. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article6954049.ece

Among the infected sites are Plym Woods, east of Plymouth; Largin Wood, in Cornwall; and Canonteign Woods, near Exeter. Landowners have been alerted. Urgent surveillance is under way to check the spread of the disease to other areas. Those believed to be most at risk are the Forest of Dean, the Marches on the English-Welsh border, the Forest of Bowland in Lanacashire, the Lake District and forestry in Wales. Teams of forestry workers are inspecting trees for other disease hotspots. Plant health experts at the Food and Environment Research Agency and Forest Research are also investigating. Chris Marrow, the Forestry Commission’s forestry director in the South West, said it was alarming that the disease had jumped species. “We have seen beech and birch trees infected before but only when in contact with infected rhododendrons, but this disease outbreak is very different.” Mr Marrow said he was concerned at the speed at which trees had been killed. “If other hotspots are identified, we will have to do some preventative felling to stop spread of the disease. We have put up notices in infected forests urging people to stick to footpaths and keep dogs on a short lead.” http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article6954049.ece

British Columbia: Indigenous People reclaim their name

“This is bringing us back up to more modern times,” Kulesha said Friday. “This is what the islands are named; they’re Haida Gwaii. The confusion is the fact that some maps say one thing, and other maps say another. So now, it’s official, and that’s great.

“B.C.’s Queen Charlotte Islands have officially been renamed Haida Gwaii as part of a historic reconciliation agreement between the province and the Haida Nation, Premier Gordon Campbell announced Friday in Vancouver.

The modern native name for the group of more than 150 rugged islands off the province’s north coast will appear on revised provincial maps and all other official provincial documents and presentations, the premier said.

Support originator of text here: http://www.cbc.ca/canada/british-columbia/story/2009/12/11/bc-queen-charlottle-islands-renamed-haida-gwaii.html

The archipelago was first named after one of the ships of British Captain George Dixon in 1778, who called his vessel Queen Charlotte after the wife of King George III.

The agreement builds on the success of the Strategic Land Use Agreement signed between B.C. and the Haida in 2007. “We have already agreed to the care and protection of the land; and now, we develop processes for more responsible management,” Guujaaw said. “This marks an opportunity to build a relationship on mutual trust and to design a model for a sustainable economy.”

The deal will create a unique joint management council that will make development decisions along with a process to resolve disputes between Haida and Crown title. It also includes $10 million for the Haida to buy out forest tenures on the islands and revenue-sharing on future resource development in the region. The pristine islands are in the centre of B.C.’s vast offshore oil and gas fields, but development of those reserves remains under a federal moratorium. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/british-columbia/story/2009/12/11/bc-queen-charlottle-islands-renamed-haida-gwaii.html

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Thanks to “anthropogenic effects,” Redwoods are taking over the world

Thanks to “anthropogenic effects,” Redwoods are taking over the world. http://bit.ly/7gCJvh

Did you know the fossil record indicates that before the last ice age Redwoods once grew all over the Northern Hemisphere of our planet? And guess what? They’re using humans to reclaim their territory!

Some examples:

–The timber industry in Central-Western Oregon are taking a newfound liking to planting Redwood trees. Lane County in Oregon is the biggest timber producing county in the US and even though Redwoods don’t naturally grow there, they do now.

–The timber industry in New Zeland has been growing non-native redwood plantations for over 100 years.

–In the UK there is an entire website dedicated to finding and documenting non-native Redwoods trees, as well as whole forests.

–In Hawaii, Redwoods forests are thriving.

–Also an advocate in Southeastern US is trying to get more people to plant them.

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Redwoods in Central-Western Oregon:
They’re planting at least 20,000 coastal redwood trees a year in Lane and Douglas counties, according to the Cottage Grove seedling grower Plum Creek. They’re driven less by fancy, or the awe the big trees inspire in many people, than by what they see as the best return on their investment in 30 or 40 years, when the trees are harvested. Coastal redwoods put on volume three or four times as fast as Douglas fir, said Doug Wolf, a Douglas County forester.

oregon Thanks to anthropogenic effects, Redwoods are taking over the world 	again!

They can produce a “phenomenal” 5,000 board feet per acre per year. Plant them in blackberries, they shoot up through the fir-killing shade. Cut one down, and the stump will sprout a half dozen new trees. Let a deer or elk eat the tender tops, it can still grow up to 350 feet tall. “They are quite the rejuvenator,” forester Dick Rohl said. “If you got any mass there, they’ll just take off like the dickens. Like a weed practically,” Wolf added.

plantation Thanks to anthropogenic effects, Redwoods are taking over the world 	again!

But the most compelling fact for those tree farmers planting coastal redwoods this year: Redwood logs are selling for $800 to $1,300 per thousand board feet compared with less than $250 for Douglas fir, according to Random Lengths, a wood products trade publication based in Eugene. The Lane and Douglas tree farmers planting coastal redwoods are betting that time will only widen that price gap. Blaine Werner, a Eugene financial services expert and amateur tree farmer, is planting 17,000 redwoods this coming December on 60 acres he owns between Noti and Veneta. http://www.registerguard.com/csp/cms/sites/web/business/21581343-41/story.csp

Redwoods in Hawaii:
On the slopes of Haleakala Crater at 6,2000 feet is the Polipoli State Park recreational area. Bordering the Kula Forest Reserve, the 10 acre park is a protected bird sanctuary. The Hawaiian word “polipoli” translates to “bosom.” The forest is a delight of exotic trees, cypress, sugi, ash, plum, cedar and pine. The redwoods are quite impressive. They tower over the other trees, with a seemingly strong root system. Many of the trees have toppled, leaving large exposed root balls. There is even a new sign posted that warns hikers of the danger of falling trees.

 Thanks to anthropogenic effects, Redwoods are taking over the world 	again!

Two years ago there was a devastating forest fire on the slopes of Haleakala at the 6,000 foot level. Many trees were torched, and a lot of dead trees are still standing. A reforestation effort is under way. The koa tree, ( an acaia) a Hawaii native that is listed as endangered, is now being planted on the slopes. Large boars roam these forests and hill sides, and tend to root around the newly planted koa trees. Luckily, the koa trees are rather quick growing. The park has several forested trails. One of my favorite trails winds through the redwoods and passes through an area of very, very tall flowering blue and purple hydrangeas. and, pink and red fuchsias. From: http://hawaii-bed-and-breakfast.blogspot.com/2008/11/polipoli-state-park.html

Redwoods in England:
You will see a variety of examples, some in the middle of towns, towering over homes, shops and churches, others in the countryside, again towering over their neighbouring trees. You will see Giant Redwood and Coast Redwood trees of varying ages, but in the main they will be around a hundred to a hundred and fifty years old. Very young by their own standard, since they live for thousands of years, but they were only discovered and introduced to England in the 1850’s (1940’s for the Dawn Redwood).

media httpwwwredwoodworldcoukpicturepagesimages0803Westonbirt0177IJbJPG bDjfpGibBspyDdw.JPG.scaled500 Thanks to anthropogenic effects, Redwoods are taking over the world 	again!

Although they were largely forgotten for a century or so, it seems that there is something of a revival in popularity, for there are now a small but growing number of very young examples planted over the last decade or so by enterprising organisations and councils in the UK.

Redwoods in New Zealand:
Redwood has been grown in New Zealand plantations for over 100 years, and Redwoods planted in New Zealand have higher growth rates than those in California. This is due mainly to even rainfall distribution through the year and in many cases, redwood stands on favourable sites are producing as much wood volume as radiata pine stands of the same age. NZRC has co-developed a growth model based on measurements over time of redwood stands from sites around New Zealand, and this model enables us to better predict future harvest yields for stands in New Zealand.http://www.nzredwood.co.nz/redwood-history/

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Rotorura, New Zealand

Redwoods in the Southeastern US:
A website dedicated to dispelling all the myth about Redwoods not growing well in the Southeastern US is here:
http://home.hiwaay.net/~redwood/rwmyths.html

media httphomehiwaaynetredwoodabbevilljpg HgdGtulHCcannCa.jpg.scaled500 Thanks to anthropogenic effects, Redwoods are taking over the world 	again!

Redwood in Abbeville, South Carolina

Poem Called “Traditions” (10min)

Listen here:Play here:[Audio:DeaneTR-Traditions.mp3]

Download Here:

http://forestpolicyresearch.com/audio/DeaneTR-Traditions.mp3

Heading out after a family together of traditions
A family hearing of the taproot of world suffering

the need for a cure at the center of the world
the psychic center of all life’s center, the holy land.
A desert soon to be gardens for all peoples and all life

Wanting to say hello
reaching
our hands out to each other
reaching our hands together
feeling warmth in each other
no eyes meet
yet that brief greeting amidst heading out
through a crowd of quiet listening
That brief greeting is an antidote
that defies all facts and figures
defies all suffering of even the bloodiest of oppressions
defies all loss and terror, all imprisonments, all starvations

A found solution
Think only of the warmth between those hands
Think of how this warmth, this living sharing… Essential
Think Hands sharing the silent singing of their voices
Hands sending warmth and circulation
Hands as the strongest note of the lowest and hieghest range
These songs are strong
vibrant thriving

Steady roots connected
branch tips swaying closer and further
hands touching, sending, recieving
hands as inner walls fading from need
past barriers of hurt, loss and rage.

Maybe we learn to let go enough someday?

Maybe see the whole forest…
then foreget what your looking at
then remember that you forget
then find yourself
in the bark pattern
of specific space
on a specific treee
amongst so many tree.

This is song for fallen one’s song
now recited by now new Elders…

Hands In time…
rain
centuries of rain
Quiet calm in trees
we are here to soothe
to end the harm and remedy the hurt at the center of the world…
remedy the hurt and center the world…

Poem and Photos by DeaneTR© 2003
As presented at: http://peacefromtrees.org//index.php?title=104-Untitled%205&back=74

Poetry: Soundofthesoundofthesound by DeaneTR

Holi_07_502107a

Listen here:Play here:[Audio:Soundofthesoundofthesound.mp3]

Download here:

http://forestpolicyresearch.com/audio/Soundofthesoundofthesound.mp3

888888888888888888888888888888888888888888

The sound of the sound of the sound of the word

Once read as it echoes

The sound of the sound of the truth

Once read as it bleeds on earth under soil

To a deeper world of vision

Of a rhythm of the rhyme of the rhythm

Of a tone… once known repeats…

As rhyme of the rhyme of rhythm

As presence as wings as eyelids as all limbs

As complete whirls as dancing real and in wealth

As breath of air of winds of wind as

Leaves of larger and larger

Ever growing wind? As well as

Love that is shaped by wind… as eyes seeing as

As original eyes as moist blinking eyes of rapid moving

Of the wind moves around a limb of a wind moves

Around a trunk of a wind is a life swaying

Century on century on deeper and deeper rooted soil

As wind that you’ll best know

As wind within as how you refine

How it flows how it dances how it’s real…

As the sound of the sound of the sound of a sword

Slicing through air as dancer’s spinning limbs and body

And joy in eyes blinking collected rhythm…

As the whole sword’s point as circle of circles of circles

Just above the ground… wind flowing moving as a center point

As poise, as discipline, as refinement as pleasure. Precise… as

Abundance as Purpose… of how we live as trees.

By DeaneTR 9/5/09

Pruning: Living Stumps Removes the Hazard branches and preserves what remains

Have you ever seen the giant old trees in story books? You know the
ones with the big gnarled trunks and a tiny tree canopy overhead?

Well that same effect can be created with trees that are too old and
too damaged than what most tree pruners will want to save…

Sometimes this process is seen as an eyesore and the trees are removed
entirely after five or six years. An example of this are the first two
trees…

Living Stumps2

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But sometimes as in the case of the 170 year old Walnut tree below,
the sprout branches are regularly pruned and an important landmark in
Downtown Santa Cruz is still alive and well…

Back in 1994 when myself and others convinced the city to practice
this style of pruning the city’s arborist was furious. He promised us
that the tree would die in a few years and it would never produce
walnuts again…

Yet here we are 15 years later and this tree is still alive and still
producing Walnuts!

This technique tends to work better with slower growing trees in drier
climates, such as this oak tree that grow in the San Francisco Bay
Area…

Pruning: Making art out of a dead tree makes the soil healthier too!

A new style rapidly gaining popularity is carving dead trees into art. This process begins first by removing as much of the hazardous parts of the tree as possible. That way even once the tree ultimately rots, it will still be a relatively safe to be around. Once this is accomplished an artist is found to sculpt the remaining wood…

This particular Walnut tree in Eugene, Oregon was carved by two local artists and even after more than a decade the remaining structure of this tree has yet to significantly rot or decay.

Better yet, preserving the stump of this tree maintains the soil ecosystem that grew in complextity as the tree grew older. This means that the soils surrounding the dead tree are more complex and more healthy, which means appropriate new trees planted in the area will grow better, as well as be more resistant to drought and disease.


Pruning: Crown Restoration

Many trees once topped or chainsawed in overly agressive ways lose their natural healthy shape and instead send up stump sprouts / suckers which makes the tree vulnerable to being damaged in windstorms.

Too often tree pruners recommend removing these trees entirely, yet over the course of several years these trees can be trained back to a healthy shape.

The photos of this Russian Wing Nut tree were taken in the second year of rehabilitation just before the last of the tall stump sprouts were cut.

The first year 1/3 of the tallest stump sprouts / suckers were removed at their base, as well as topped at varying heights.

In the second year the remaining stump sprouts / suckers were removed at their base, as well as topped at varying heights.

By the third year only a light pruning of sprout growth was neccesary as a more natural shaped canopy is now mostly shading out the trees ability to grow aggressive stump sprouts / suckers.

Originally nearly every sprout on every branch was a sucker sprout that reached up to a structurally challenged height of sixty feet… Now the tree at it’s center reaches 50 feet while all the surrounding branches reach up to a range form 45-20 feet in height.