New Forest related publications from International Institute for Environment and Development IIED

The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) is pleased to announce its latest 

FOREST related publications.

Incentives to sustain forest ecosystem services: A review and lessons for REDD

Paying people to protect forests can be an effective way to tackle deforestation and climate change but only if there is good governance of natural resources, claims this study funded by Norway’s Government. IIED, the World Resources Institute and the Center for International Forestry Research looked at existing efforts to pay people in developing nations to protect ecosystems in return for the services — such as fresh water, wild foods and climate control — they provide. It aimed to see if such payments could be used to help tackle climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). A review of 13 schemes that make payments for ecosystems services in Africa, South-East Asia and Latin America concluded that performance-based payments can be part of REDD but only if important preconditions are met.

Roots of success: cultivating viable community forestry

Small forestry was for years half-lost in the shadow of industrial logging. Now, as forests become flashpoints for conflict and a focus for climate concerns, community forestry could be coming into its own. Collective ownership and strategic alliances, for instance, make for sustainability and cooperation.  The second in IIED’s ‘business models for sustainable development’ series, this briefing reveals how forest communities round the world are creating a new business model that works.

Small and medium forest enterprises in Ethiopia

The annual value of small and medium forest enterprises (SMFEs) in Ethiopia amounts to hundreds of millions of dollars. SMFEs have great potential to reduce poverty in Ethiopia, but in their present unregulated state also represent a threat to the country’s declining forest resources. This report consolidates information about Ethiopia’s SMFEs and suggests a practical way forward for those wishing to provide support.

These publications can be downloaded from our on-line database which holds over 4,000 resources on environment and development: Alternatively purchase our publication through

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